Scientists Just Looked Inside a ‘Quantum Matter Fireball’, This Is What They Found
Scientists Just Looked Inside a ‘Quantum Matter Fireball’, This Is What They Found

It’s getting hot in HADES… hot enough to create and analyze a fireball of quantum matter. And by HADES, I of course mean the High Acceptance DiElectron Spectrometer. This research facility doesn’t just have a super cool name, the science it does is out of this world, too. HADES is an internationally collaborative piece of equipment located in Germany, used by scientists all over the world to study matter as it might exist in some of the most intense events in the cosmos, like the merging of neutron stars. But…how? Well, many other colliders around the world smash atoms of different elements together at nearly the speed of light. These kinds of experiments can let us take a closer look at the component parts of atoms, including their quarks. And quarks are the elementary particles inside protons and neutrons. Extremely dense states of matter made up of free quarks and gluons are called quantum chromodynamics matter, which is matter governed by a theory called, appropriately, quantum chromodynamics, or QCD. Scientists sometimes just call these states ‘quark matter’, though, kinda like dark matter, which I think is really hilarious, and physicists think QCD matter, specifically quark-gluon plasma, is what the universe was made of right after the big bang, so states of matter like this require some pretty extreme conditions to exist. See, we know that quarks are held together by the strong nuclear force, also known as just ‘the strong force’, and QCD is the theory that describes how the strong force works on these fundamental particles. But the theory is so complicated that we can’t actually use the math to predict how this matter will behave at extreme temperatures and densities. As you can imagine, the behavior of quarks in the quark matter has been pretty hard to even create in a collider, much less observe in any great detail. But HADES just got us one step closer. So the HADES team decided to leave the equations on the page and pursue some answers with a physical experiment instead. The team smashed gold atoms into a gold target at nearly the speed of light, creating a fireball of quark matter. After its initial creation, the fireball starts to shed particles called rho mesons, which are made of a quark and an antiquark. These rho mesons decay into ‘virtual’ photons (which is the coolest name ever), which then further decay into electron-positron pairs. By using HADES to measure the electron-positron pairs left at the end of the experiment, the researchers gained brand new understanding into the behavior of the quark matter fireball itself. Their measurements indicated that the quark matter fireball could reach temperatures of 800 billion degrees Celsius, so y’know. Pretty freakin’ hot. The material also reaches a density that’s pretty much what you would get if you crammed New York City into a sugar cube. At these extreme conditions, this kind of quark matter doesn’t break up into free-floating quarks, like in that other phase of exotic matter called quark-gluon plasma. Instead the quarks bunch up into clusters, forming grape-like bunches of six to nine quarks. This is the first experiment to measure what the behavior and state of quark matter would be in an interaction like a neutron star collision. And this is important because events like a neutron star collision are a place in the universe where there’s an imbalance of matter: it’s mostly matter and very little antimatter, and our calculations start to fall apart in scenarios like this. We don’t have the math, or previously, the experimental conditions to study it. But many questions still remain, and the HADES team is thinking about what’s next. They’re planning an experiment on a new facility starting in 2025, where they can study matter under even higher temperatures and densities. Experiments like this literally take the incredibly extreme conditions that are only found inside of stellar events and replicate them here on Earth. How cool is that?! And in doing so, we’re learning more not only about the way all that cool stuff out in our universe works, but we’re also probing deeper than ever before into the behavior of the most fundamental building blocks of reality. If you want more on particle physics discoveries, check out this video here. Make sure you subscribe to Seeker for all your particle smashing news, and if you have another breakthrough you want us to cover, let us know in the comments down below. Thanks so much for watching, and we’ll see you next time.

100 thoughts on “Scientists Just Looked Inside a ‘Quantum Matter Fireball’, This Is What They Found”

  1. Seeker says:

    Hi, thanks for watching! For more Elements, check out our playlist here: and let us know what you'd like to see us cover next!

  2. glóbulo branco says:

    Can't these densities transform matter in a black hole?

  3. Randy Savage says:

    I dont know man I just dont like her. 😕She doesnt stick.

  4. Moe H. says:

    All your videos are just click baits and time-wasting. All of them just end with the same answer: "We can't/ don't know what to predict."

  5. proxy90909 says:

    The world going out on a quantum fireball because of proyect H.A.D.E.S sounds like a plot for a movie

  6. Praveena Jilles says:

    First we saw a leaf, then a collection of atoms, then protons, neutrons and electrons and now we see quarks. Is there a limit to this hierarchy or do you think its infinite?

  7. Demoy Cardoza says:

    Maren is one beautiful curvaceous woman 🙂
    Great video, interesting experiment I'm interested to see how far we can observe conditions like this to possible safely recreate these into even bigger and better systems.

  8. Therapeutic Conversation says:

    She can teach me anything!… Wish my school teachers were as sexy as her…😍

  9. Borderlands808 says:

    We need to weaponize this.

  10. Blake Bitner says:

    Do they run the experiments in a vacuum? If not are the particles reacting with the atmosphere of the experiment area?

  11. Duhmeister says:

    Dammit, I love that daisy jumper

  12. Dominic Lucero says:

    Where is the new HADES facility?

  13. Mariano Alippi says:

    When I lived in the North of Italy I loved yourst with fruits of the forest, your stories are like fruits of the forest, it would be amazing a Seeker shirt with images of cherries, strawberries, blueberries, Kiwi too, it can only be Kiwi, a shirt with these fruits.

  14. Mariano Alippi says:

    You could be perfect immersed into a WebGl dimension explaining phisical ecuations like a Strawberry fields

  15. Mariano Alippi says:

  16. Mariano Alippi says:

  17. Mariano Alippi says:

  18. Mariano Alippi says:

    Here is a small demonstration of an interactive narrative, although I think that with the WebGl this can be integrated even more, with better graphics I think that the narrator can be fully integrated into a 3D dimension

  19. Mariano Alippi says:

    image integrations like this, but in film interactively

  20. Jrjay Jrjay says:

    so does this confirm proton decay?????????????

  21. Ron Haytack says:

    I love your presentations and your an exceptional woman! 🙂

  22. Mariano Alippi says:

  23. Mariano Alippi says:

    This but with motion

  24. SodiumhypoBromite says:

    Random dude: So where do you work?
    Physicist: Hades
    Random dude: Man, I thought my job sucked

  25. Frank Sclafani says:

    What happened to trace?!

  26. Mariano Alippi says:

    It could be good to bring some of the Street Graffiti of Mr. Brainwash as background design of your videos pay atention of Maryling painting on the Street.

  27. Emmanuel Mahuni says:

    wooooow that's hot! esp. with those Seeker colours behind he…. cough sorry I mean how are they containing that plasma at that temperature?

  28. peter vaughn says:

    Doubt it….but hey…scientist gotta convince you they gotta science. I like the part when she explains what theoretically happens but they are going to set up an experiment to see what actually does happens if it's detectable. Basically they don't know…but believe they may or may not have the ability to measure what they do or do not expect to occur. Best of luck…. don't blow up the planet. Thanks.

  29. Willverine says:

    Please tell me i'm not the only one who thought about horizon zero dawn

  30. ray salmon says:

    I don't believe evolution

  31. dr4t says:

    Is there a higher limit for temperature? Does anyone know?

  32. Kurtis Marquez says:

    Ha! You're almost there! Dark matter is the strong force/the weak force. But you don't even know it!

  33. Chris Foster says:

    Control protocols?

  34. Next Level says:

    Everybody gangster until Hades himself walks out of a particle accelerator.

  35. Alex M says:

    Video should be measuring the smallest fireball we can make not, “QUANTUM MATTER FIREBALL”

  36. merlopick says:

    @1:07….what exactly is hilarious?

  37. Guruji ka Thullu says:

    Background looks really pretty mam 🤣🤣

  38. Mike B says:

    We are so close to proving that “nothing” exists and “everything” doesn’t exist. Or visa versa. Lol

  39. Jonathan Ryals says:

    We know nothing about the evolution of the universe. As a species trying to collectively understand things in general, scientifically speaking we are still in the observation phase. Any hypothesis about it's unified theory is necessarily flawed. Imagine a blind man holding the tail of an elephant in one hand and a snake in the other and thinking they are essentially the same thing.

    Not to say the observation isn't the most important aspect of humanity, just I think we need to be cognizant of the underpinnings of our solutions. If everyone is striving for a big personal discovery it seems like a lot more false ideas are going to be presented, each with its own biased proponents.

  40. DontMaskTruth says:

    They really named a portal to the quantum underworld after the guardian of the underworld…might as well name the next one CTHULU

  41. DontMaskTruth says:

    Maren, do you think that quantum physics simulations will preclude the further use of such expensive equipment? Given how quantum computers work, in about 30 years they should be able to simulate practically any quantum interaction, within a certain level of complexity that doesn't exceed the amount of qubits of course. They have already done random interactions to make numbers so random that classical computers can't perform them.

  42. Shuvo 133 says:

    If you fire up My balls it can also tell about univers evolution

  43. Scientific Humanist says:

    The only thing I understood, “pretty fricking hot” 🥵

  44. Marcos Zarate says:

    Who gives a shit about this. I see those explosions in my dreams all the time and guess what…. it's here on earth. I don't need my money going towards that.

  45. I OFFER YOU THIS says:

    from quarks to atoms to molecules to chemistry to biology that can walk it all backwards to figure everything out. life is so amazing.wonder who programmed all these forces or if every universe is different. imagine this universe being the 99999th simulation and the first one to actually produce the point of everything literally just to fancy self aware phsyics machines like us

  46. Jamie E says:

    And all this waste of money is going to help humanity how?! Not a fkn bit! All it does is raise more questions for these morons to chase the answers to. Just an endless circle of speculative horsesh#t!

  47. Owen C says:

    At the end, I was expecting the sentence "…most fundamental blocks of…" to end with " …space-time". But then realized this is not the PBS Space Time channel 🙂 (which is highly recommended for those who liked this video.)

  48. Ankit kumar says:


  49. sedriensmorgasbord says:

    They'd better be careful. Smashing all these atoms together and creating quark fireballs… Someone may end up accidentally creating a miniature black hole that quickly swallows up our planet.

  50. bb1televator says:

    Quantum Matter Fireball is like an attack name in an anime

  51. Wu Li says:

    Theoretical physics has not made significant progress after 40 years of spending more money than God on smashing particle together and measuring them deep underground were even mushrooms won't grow. They are joining the long list of failures including String Theory, which is wildly popular, but has never produced anything practical in over 40 years. Thankfully, AI are already making discoveries in physics that are humanly impossible, because there's no intelligent life around here. Only a geek would celebrate their enormously expensive failures.

  52. Stephen Bachman says:

    Can something not have a Acronym name. Why can't we call something that does science Burt's machine. Or K1978654.

  53. tusharip says:

    Hedes team what a unique choice of name to give a science experiment on a place where they made a "fake" satanic human sacrifice… there are a lot of "fake" satanic things going on at CERN it seems
    maybe they should stop those satanic things it is not funny, if anything it is creepy –

  54. call 4duty says:

    we are just a few years away from unlocking the truth

  55. Dale Patterson says:

    It's interesting that you could conduct that experiment on Earth in a gravity atmosphere.

  56. Nubster Mc Nubs says:

    Of course a place named HADES is working on magical fireballs

  57. Sonof Osiris says:

    I bet my asshole that's just regular science bullshit that will lead them nowhere!

  58. ScrotNimation says:

    Quantum matter: Make everyone blown there mind
    Boson and lepton: Am I a joke to you?

  59. Gajanan Nigade says:

    QCD: (industry jargon) Quality, Cost & Delivery

  60. Gajanan Nigade says:

    'Bout damn time Hades got the respect he deserves.

  61. Dan X2 says:

    Featured on Astral Education

  62. Dumb Videos says:

    It’s only a matter of time before they create a black hole or star gate or some shit!!

  63. Insane Brain says:

    Skip to 2:30

  64. Charl Steynberg says:

    I always watch a seeker vid when I see her in the thumbnail .. she just makes my day every time.

  65. Ashton says:

    What questions remain?

  66. Michael Politewicz says:

    You're pretty frikin hot! 😉

  67. Johnny Butoch says:

    this sounds so stupid that i might as well freeze my own farts and then sell them for millions

  68. Chaffe J Carraway says:


  69. friends909335 says:

    dude this lady…. Such a clown…. ugggh…..

  70. Brett Moore says:

    They can't see a atom but can tell what quarks are doing. Fusion can be done and stabilized in a 50 dollar microwave. Just engineer a radiator and fuel dispenser maybe another 100 bucks. Scientist waste money so they can't get more money. Theyve figured out free money.

  71. Christian O. Holz says:

    Horizon: Zero Dawn 😉

  72. keine031 says:

    Damn Maren thick in all the right places…

    Daaammbb gurl lemme holler at ya


  73. Douglas Dorman says:

    Spot on , thank you, Doug:).

  74. thegreatsiberianitch says:

    Science: "We really have no idea whats going on anymore, we're just like, naming stuff and possibly creating hell portals."

  75. u2ooberboober says:

    Does the cpu need to know how the ram chip works or do they just need to work together?

  76. 黑奴 / I _see_jesus says:

    women had no part in this discovery XD

  77. nuerter says:

    i wish we see quantum matter fireball jutsu soon

  78. Matthew Drodge says:

    It's not the size of your Hadron that matters it's the force of the collision.

  79. QuiChiYang2 says:

    Ok, I like my earth. It's the only f*c£'n place that supports 🗣HUMAN LIFE & 👉you 🙍‍♂️LIFE. 👉🗣Go2 da Moon & run these experiments.🙈🙊🙉😖😳you guys are posta be the smartest people in existence👉⁉️

  80. Paul Walsh says:

    So was the Big Bang the inconceivably dense collection of all current matter or was it a simple instance of of an inconceivably powerful instance of annihilation of virtual electrons/photon/positrons or more likely, other virtual particle/antiparticle pairs that existed in the Planck second before the Big Bang and the expansion of "empty space"caused all the particles that we can detect and surmise currently condense out of that 800 BILLION degree environment ?

  81. imran khan says:

    Maren .its star coallation on effect dark matter

  82. Billy Lozowski says:

    How is it possible to measure the electron-positron pairs at the end it the annihilate each other when they meet?

  83. Captain Jack says:

    As always, very well presented, even for the everyday people

  84. DunnickFayuro says:

    Please do an episode on this new stable plutonium recently found. Sounds amazing!

  85. Joseph Guillory says:

    What does this means for us?

  86. Fadz Bobby says:

    maren hunsberger is so beautiful

  87. Galip Dönmez says:

    The script in the video keeps referring to the matter being observed as "quark matter fireball" but the video title says "quantum matter fireball". So, which one is true?

  88. moed al garny says:

    I only know twerk matters 😰

  89. Tiago M says:

    This journalist is charismatic and hot.

  90. Kapil Hirani says:

    Horizon Zero dawn has begun!!!!!

  91. Tagz-ZGAT Business says:

    So if they destroy the earth would they call it the BIG BANG THEORY THE SECOND

  92. Joseph Aleandri says:

    Oooh I'd smash her particles! Rrrrrowww! 😘😝😘😝😂

  93. Kain says:

    Scientist: Names scientific apparatus after hell.

    Conspiracy Theorist: Nervous Sweeting

  94. Ade' Big Lazy Wolf says:

    So…yeesh…please do the math before you…damnit nevermind ~facepalm~ alright…what we got…since we didn't all die last week

  95. Christistheonlytruth says:

    Romans 1:22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man…

  96. Ty Lee says:

    Patrick's voice:i don't get it!

  97. Nick McLean says:

    What if scientist accidentally destroy us though!?

  98. Samuel Kaczmarek says:

    Everyone needs to stop building particle accelerators independently, pool resources and funding and build 1 giant accelerator around the circumference of the moon! We're building our way up to this anyways, stop wasting money and time and cut to the chase!

  99. ShamanElementalLord says:

    800 billion degrees C, so you know, pretty "friggin hot"..
    Not as hot as you Maren swoon Frick, i just love an intellectual woman who can hold up a conversation

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