How Hard Can You Hit a Golf Ball? (at 100,000 FPS) – Smarter Every Day 216
How Hard Can You Hit a Golf Ball? (at 100,000 FPS) – Smarter Every Day 216

– Three, two, one. Oh, wow, that was loud! – That was way louder than I thought. – Hey, it’s me, Destin. Welcome
back to Smarter Every Day. Today’s question is fascinating. How hard can you hit a golf ball? That seems like a really simple question, but it’s very complex. For example, think about this. When a golf club is swung
and it comes in contact with a ball at some relative velocity, there’s an elastic
collision that takes place. The ball squishes and then
it uses that stored energy to rebound off the club. Well here’s one way to
rephrase the question. At what point does that
ball no longer return to its original shape? It goes from an elastic deformation to a plastic deformation. I’m not good at golf, but I
thought a really fun place to start investigating this problem is to use the Phantom camera, and see how hard I can squish the ball. Oh, yeah! So for me this is pretty decent contact, but obviously it’s not hard enough. So, it’s time to move on to
the Happy Gilmore technique. I just hit the ball behind me, how does that even work? Number one, I can’t swing
this club fast enough no matter how much I Happy Gilmore, and number two, I can’t get good consistent contact with the ball. To try to solve this, I’m working with my buddy, Mark Rober. He’s a YouTuber and an engineer and we’ve teamed up with Wix to actually build two separate devices to try to solve our problem. If you don’t know who Mark Rober is, I’m gonna need you to fix that right now. He’s an awesome engineer
who’s good at designing intricate devices that
answer complex questions in an awesome way. Mark’s the kinda guy that
has stuff he designed roving around on Mars,
doing science right now. The first video I watched of Mark’s was a roadkill experiment to see if people were more likely to
run over rubber turtles or rubber snakes. You probably know Mark
from his more recent work. He’s the guy that engineered
the glitter bomb solution to fight off porch pirates. I’m bad at golf, and you’re good at golf. – And I’m bad at rockets,
and you’re good at rockets. – I don’t know, you did the Mars Rover. – There’s no rockets on my hardware. – What are you talking about? It was like the rocket.
– On my hardware! – Oh on your hardware! Yeah, yeah, okay, cool.
– Yeah, yeah, yeah. I outsourced that. – We gonna do this? – Let’s go do some engineering. – All right, let’s do this. Anyway, you should totally
subscribe to his channel because Mark does stuff like this. A rocket-powered golf club.
– Three, two, one, roll! (rocket rumbles) (rocket wooshes) – [Mark] Yes! – Where did it go? What happened? – Go, baby! – [Trent] That thing is past those trees. – [Destin] No way. – Yeah! – [Trent] It took off. – That’s a cool shot right there, dude. (rocket whooshes) – Dude, this is respectable. (laughs) This is legit. – Three, two, one, go. (rocket whooshes) (laughter) – Yeah, baby, yeah, go! That rush you get from an
engineering achievement actually working is like, ah! Look at the flames. (rocket whooshes) – [Destin] It was an
absolutely amazing project. So obviously, go watch the whole video
over on Mark’s channel but even though we could swing the club way faster than the pro’s can, we still didn’t come close to the mechanical limits of the golf ball. Instead of hitting the ball with a club, we’re going to hit the club with the ball. Remember David from the
vortex collision video? This time I’ve asked David
to build a vacuum cannon that can shoot a golf ball
hundreds of miles an hour without using explosives. Here’s how the thing works. The barrel is just barely big enough for the golf ball to slide inside, so we push it all the way
to the back of the tube and we seal up both ends. If you pull a vacuum on
the inside of the tube, nature abhors a vacuum, so if you quickly vent
one side to atmosphere, all the air will rush into the pipe and it’ll push the golf
ball down the tube. This creates stupid fast velocities. We’re talkin’ hundreds of miles an hour. To make it fire even faster than that, we’ve put a positive pressure
tank on the back side and we pressurize it with air so we can fire the golf ball
at over 500 miles an hour. All right, Mark’s about to see the device. See, pressurize that and then we have the vacuum
in the cylinder itself. And then we have the burst disc in between and then once the hot wire melts the film, then the pressurized air will run in there and there’s no air in here, so there’s no drag. – Yeah, that’s the big deal here, right? ‘Cause if this was just at 14 psi, you just have a potato gun, right? – [Destin] Right, exactly. – But it’s the fact that there’s no drag, ’cause that’s like what,
proportional to velocity squared? – [Destin] It is, yes. – That’s where you get your
massive speed increase, right?
– Exactly. So to start off, we wanted to take the
stiffness of the club out of the equation by using something
that’s pretty much rigid. – [Mark] This looks like a cartoon. (laughs) It’s funny ’cause piece-by-piece this is all coming together. Like at first I just saw the
cannon, then I saw the anvil, and I’m thinkin’ where are we gonna stand? And then I look over here, (laughs) and I see this amazing blast wall. – [Destin] If we get a vapor cloud that comes out here,
this will strip that away and hopefully, the ball
will get straight through, and then will hit right here
in the center of the anvil and record that with the Phantom at, what are we at, at
100,000 frames per second. All right so 100 psi here
ready for the vacuum. (rumbling) – Three, two, one. Oh! I heard it. – [Destin] Whoa! – The amount of compression there, I’ve never seen anything like that. Are you kidding me? – [Destin] I think the
back of the golf ball, I bet that’s the weak part. We then decided to cut a slit in the ball and see if the outer shell of the ball was what was holding everything together. – Okay, three, two, one. The ball is hot. – [Destin] Is it really? (laughs) It’s very hot. – Yeah. – Look at it, it like… – It’s like a little
mouth and it’s like blah. (laughs) – [Destin] After that we
decided to cut deep enough to damage the inner structure of the ball and then see what could happen. – [Mark] Three, two, one. (pop) – [Destin] Whoa! – [Trent] It’s movin’ the table. – [Destin] So all these
interesting interactions that we’re seeing play
out on the golf ball, that’s a result of an area of physics called material science. What we wanna do is we want
to explore that a little bit by havin’ a little conversation about this paperclip. Let me get this in the vice here. Okay, cool. So you know that if you
were to push on a paperclip a certain amount, create a force, it’s going to bend back to
where it’s supposed to be. Right? That’s called elastic deformation. What’s happening is the paperclip is storing the energy that
you’re putting into it and then it’s goin’ right back
to where it’s supposed to be. But you also know that if
you bend it a little too far, it’s going to move and
stay permanently deformed. That’s called plastic deformation. Different materials have different elastic and plastic curves. For example, Play-Doh plastically
deforms almost immediately when force is applied. Here you can see the difference between the foam practice
ball and a normal. You can see that the practice ball is designed to absorb as
much energy as possible so you can practice your swing without the balls leaving your yard or knockin’ out a window. I decided to shoot both of
these balls against glass at a much lower velocity to not break it, just to see what happens at the exact spot where it impacts. If you play them in sync, you can see just how much faster the golf ball rebounds off the glass. This is the magic of golf ball design. You wanna absorb as much energy as possible during the collision without getting to the plastic zone and then you wanna release that energy by efficiently and rapidly bouncing away. From goofin’ around with this stuff, we’ve learned that golf ball impacts will result in an elastic collision up to about 300 miles per hour, which is why it was able
to handle the rocket club without any problems, that
was under 300 miles per hour. But once you get up around
400 or 500 miles an hour, plastic deformation occurs
inside the golf ball. By the way, that x at
the end of the graph, that’s the awesome spot, that’s where we’re trying to get to. – [Mark] That’s crazy, dang. – The vacuum cannon can’t quite
get these modern golf balls up to the failure point, so… – You do that with an old ball? – [David] Maybe it’ll splatter? – You think? I don’t think an old
ball can withstand that. So where did this come from?
– My grandpa’s house – It say 1962 – 1987, wear dated 25 years. I have no idea what that means, but mechanically it
should be very different. Oh, yeah.
– Oh! [Mark] There’s rubber bands everywhere. This is gonna be fantastic, high-speed. – [Destin] We now understand
how golf balls work but we don’t understand the
mechanical limits of a driver. There’s only one way to figure this out and that is to shoot a golf ball at 500 miles an hour against a driver. – [Mark] Three, two, one. Oh! – [Mark] I mean, that
was not what I expected. Dang, dude. Look at that. – Three, two, one. – Yes! – [Destin] Jeez, man. – [Mark] Oh, look at
the club face. (laughs) – Okay, so we’re gonna do another shot but Mark had an idea to
put an anvil behind… Genius
– Genius idea. – The golf club here, but immediately behind
it we have the anvil and the idea is that instead
of this thing moving back because it’s transferring
momentum into the club, we’re just gonna make
mechanical deformation the only way to absorb the energy. – How amazing would it be if
it bends it way back here? But it feels like it’s maybe more likely it’s gonna come and bounce back out. But, dude, what a freakin’
trophy that would be. Ball in the middle of that club. – [Destin] That would be awesome. – Oh! (laughs) – Okay, it’s Mark Rober, he can’t make a video
without using watermelon. – Destroying a watermelon. – [Destin] That’s his thing. We get a golf ball goin’
stupid miles an hour but we do agree it’s gonna
go through the watermelon. – We definitely agree that. Okay, the question is does it go through the tarp on the back side?
– And I say, no. Farewell little guy. – [Destin] Three, two, one. Oh! – There is no chunk larger
than like two inches. – [Destin] Oh, my goodness. (laughs) – There’s watermelon where? – [Destin] So it came out of the cannon, through a watermelon, through a tarp, through a moving blanket, hit that, and then somehow bounced
over here in this bag. There’s watermelon on the ceilin’ outside. (laughs) – An elastic collision. All right I hope you
enjoyed this collaboration between Mark and I. We asked Wix if they would sponsor this video collab for us
and they were like, yeah. – Without even knowing very much (laughs) the brief was like two
sentences, so props to them. – We were like rockets and golf and I don’t even think the vacuum cannon was a part of the discussion at one point.
– Yeah, we didn’t. – Yeah, so we had to step
it up to make this happen, so big thanks to Wix. Wix is a really good way to make a website do anything you want. – [Mark] I have one for all
the builds on my channel and including my workbench. It’s really clean. – [Destin] Yeah, that’s
the thing. It’s very clean. You can grab one of tons of templates and quickly make a really nice website, even if you’re not that
great at graphic design. I have created a website. – [Mark] Have you? – [Destin] Yeah.
– [Mark] I haven’t seen this. – It’s basically an omage to Mark Rober and all the reasons you should subscribe because he’s been approaching
the subscriber numbers for Smarter Every Day for a long time now, but I wanna be the reason
that you finally pass me. – Oh, I see how it is. So you take credit?
– You see what’s going on? ‘Cause it’s gonna happen anyway. – [Mark] Yeah, yeah, yeah. So you’ll be like…
– Exactly. What do you think is on the website? For reasons people
should subscribe to you? – Just pictures of my abs. (laughter) – [Destin] Pretty much. So, no joke though, I did ThinkerCon’s website on Did you know that? – I did not. – [Destin] The fact that we made such a clean, awesome-looking
website on Wix got people really interested in ThinkerCon ’cause it’s legit. I mean, you can tell when
you look at the website. – [Mark] It was a great looking website. I think I even texted you about it, like the aesthetic of it is really nice. – [Destin] That was Wix. So if you have a personal
brand that you want to get you name out there and get somethin’ out there on the web, Wix is a great way to do that. Go to and you can start your website today. Big thanks to Mark for comin’ out. This was a blast. So go check out his channel, Mark Rober, all kinds of builds, engineering stuff, a lot more watermelon carnage
than Smarter Every Day. – This is true.
– So go check that out. Mark Rober on YouTube? That’s how you do that? – Yeah. – I’ll leave a link in the description. You can check out my website on reasons you subscribe to Mark, but I think you know why you
should subscribe to Mark. It’s a big deal. Anyway, I’m Destin. – You’re gettin’ smarter every month. Oh, wait is it day?
– Day. (laughter) Idiot.
– Sorry. (laughter)

100 thoughts on “How Hard Can You Hit a Golf Ball? (at 100,000 FPS) – Smarter Every Day 216”

  1. Sumit Mahala says:

    Bahot hard bhot hard😜

  2. c0nflict says:

    The two smart guys who defeated thanos

  3. Arthur Slugworth says:

    Starving kids in Africa could have eaten those clubs and balls… Thumbs down

  4. Jeswin joseph says:

    6:00 ,thank me later

  5. Travelguide04 says:

    Does the ball just break thrue the sound?

  6. George Dejavou says:

    Im watching You for years and i love your chanel. For the First time (i think) You mentioned my field of mechanics which i've been studying for 6+ years. I am refering to materials engineering. For some reason i feel moved and proud for my knowledge. Thnx!

  7. etzo says:

    Yeah science!

  8. Jeremy Savva says:

    Why 8.5k dislikes?

  9. Lew Scagnetti says:

    Somebody has too much time & equipment on their hands !

  10. Yug Anghan says:

    Vacuume was really a nice idea 💡
    Loved it.
    Love your experiments.

  11. Manish Sharma says:

    So there is no fun without slow mo

  12. Abhinya Shyam Boruah says:

    .50 cal:- I am the most powerful bullet ever made.

    GOLF BALL :- Hold my 🍺

  13. Alex YU says:

    12:00 woke my Siri on iPad every time, what is that magic word? Moving back?

  14. artao5 says:

    So this question has nothing to do with this video. But if I'm going to ask anyone about this, it'd be you (or this other channel that specializes in slo-mo vids)
    What I'm looking for is high frame rate vids of baseball pitches in the air, showing how the ball spins in the air. So far, all I can find is high fps vids of the movements of the pitcher.
    I want to see the mechanics of a baseball in flight. Why does it move like it does? How does the seam position of the initial hold and spin of the release affect the ball's movement in the air?
    I wanna see a curveball, sinker, etc … slo-mo, in air, focused on the ball itself.
    Does that even exist?
    If not …. If anyone can do it, you can! 😀

  15. Caz Showalter says:

    The glitter bomb was so funny to watch when it first came out! seeing those thieves faces when it makes a mess like that in there car and room!

  16. jehovers says:

    that's what happen if meteor crashing earth with the same scale golf ball and watermelon…

  17. K_Crzy • says:

    Lost some IQ when I watched this

  18. Miguel Andres Martinez Torres says:

    13:17 meanwhile your girlfriend with other guy

  19. Alto Phoenix says:

    I am no longer saying fast I am saying stupid miles an hour

  20. Unknown says:

    That was so satisfying 13:19

  21. Jiens Banzaime says:

    Poor watermelon

  22. SushiLeader says:

    I hope you guys helped clean up that garage lol

  23. Arma geong says:

    This create stupid fast Velocity hahahah

  24. Joe Schaiper says:

    Absolutely loved your guys' enthusiasm

  25. Atif Sohail says:

    Already a subscriber ☺

  26. Miko Amata says:

    How about a bullet through a vacuum

  27. Drew Romea says:

    Glad you got rid of the kid

  28. k c p reddy says:

    I've seen this video without sound

  29. BigDH28 says:

    That old golfball was insane looking when it exploded against the anvil! Soooo cool! You never fail to amaze me Destin/Mark! I have been subscribed to both of you guys for the longest. Two of the absolute best YouTube creators ever! 👍✊️

  30. loading huh says:

    ball said —–>🥞

  31. mountaindewdude76 says:

    That was fun to watch! Loved the watermelon explosion!

  32. Felix Avila says:


  33. The Spartan says:

    I would love to see what would happen if you where to shoot a gun and see the round hit something like that to see how the bullet would change or flatten

  34. El Sea says:

    Rodney Dangerfield called…he wants to buy it for caddy shack 3…

  35. Trenton Murphy says:

    How about you use the "distance" version of golf balls rather than "pro" versions such as the titleist prov1 & prov1x you guys use. These golf balls are designed to have a higher compression rate for the better golfer to have feel and creates better spin. See which kind is more durable since golf brands try to prove they can make the most durable golf ball on the market.

  36. Rahfty says:

    I’m taking this to Area 51!

  37. Abhinav Dutta says:

    What if you hit the ball (out of the cannon) with the rocket golf club?

  38. DYLAN DEVITT says:

    You and your videos are awesome!

  39. Bilal Ahmad says:

    Materials strength wow ❤️❤️❤️

  40. jalandhar naidu says:

    Give our telugu film director rajamouli, he will make this ball to power with hand's only 😅😆😂.

  41. David Mircevski says:

    10:23 i see no difference at all

  42. xwhippet24x R says:

    Subscribe to me plz

  43. ************************************************ says:

    That's why hyper Loop will run in almost vacuum, for high speed and acceleration.

  44. WISDOM FOR LIFE says:

    @13:19 :O

  45. FlowoodFb95 says:

    13:18 it's cool to see that the golf ball creates a vacuum effect as it enters the watermelon.

  46. Coreldraw Mania says:

    Subscriber kamu kalah sama atta

  47. fdwnt says:

    Who are these guys….

  48. Jade Raveche says:

    I therefore conclude, golf ball is omnipotent in the way it was.

  49. Jade Raveche says:

    We could destroy mars by just a golf ball ya know

  50. y1521t21b5 says:

    7:11 Barfing golf ball… 😉

  51. flukshun says:

    this would be a cool way to test Callaway's "jail break technology"

  52. MagnificentZGamer says:

    It's not the club hits the ball…

    ITs ThE BaLL HitS tHE CLuB

  53. The Average Gamer says:

    Inelastic deformation, increasing stress beyond elastic limit will store a certain amount of strain energy which after unloading the body will not get it's original dimensions.

  54. german axl says:

    Surely this will make me smarter everyday

  55. TheUpcomingGamer says:

    Yoooo this video is Dope. This is a great DUO a great team you guys should make a ton of videos together 👍🏽

  56. Jeroen K. says:

    Destin does a video about materials science?! Hold my watermelon, that's awesome! (it's my field of study, are there any other viewers studying materials science here?)

  57. Zboy! says:

    90% of people: monster vs nuke (or something like that)
    Us people with a life (aka nerds): golf ball at 500 mph vs driver

  58. VinceTheQuadRider says:

    Now take it back and say you hit the ball so hard it shattered.

  59. Raymond Chadwick says:

    that ultra shot was perfect

  60. Brandon B says:

    I used to work as a medical device engineer. Some devices got gamma radiated to sterilize them. One of my co-workers used to sneak golf balls into the load. Then he'd take them out to hit 'em. I was told the balls get harder, and he could drive them an extra 100yrds, but it messed up the face of his club. I'd love to see this experiment with a radiated ball.

  61. S F says:

    5:58: shows "10kf/s" = 10,000 frames per second right? (not 100,000 as stated).

  62. Pratik Patil says:

    Men should have balls made out of that golf ball material.

  63. Jason G says:

    Those who know use Tittlest ProV1

  64. Stryker The wolf says:

    Does any on have a phobia of hold it’s called Trypophobia (idk how to spell it) and seeing the thumbnail was horror for me

  65. Golf Guys says:

    This seems interesting. Probably would watch for past time.

  66. KevDaCal says:

    Build more guns, we need them for the Area 51 attack!

  67. Theo Dore says:

    Who knew people who talk like complete dickheads could contribute to society.

  68. Nunnha B says:

    Rocket powered golf club reminds me of the Dr Ido's rocket axe weapon from Alita BA.

  69. Harry Mcgiveron says:

    That could kill someone

  70. jeff13151 says:

    Man, that is one excitable boy.

  71. Trey Coughlin says:

    The excitement of two engineering buddies laughing after an achievement is one of the most contagious things

  72. Silicone Sword says:

    That's like the one the Backyard scientist made

  73. chloe ren says:

    10:07 guys…..took my breath away

  74. chloe ren says:

    This is the only science video where I don't see thousands of things getting wrecked. Only about 5 or 6.

  75. videoscrapheap says:

    It's confirmed. You have the best job ever!

  76. John Elton says:

    Hooligans!…my brothers!…golf balls have formerly destroyed my ego…now I don't play. Very nice to see a golf ball get its richly deserved destruction…and yeah, the watermelon was very cool as well…added to my list of ways to destroy a watermelon on YouTube…

  77. JoyTheGeek says:

    Mark's "OH" scream sounds so genuine
    Like that's the oh of someone who is caught completely off gaurd.

  78. JoyTheGeek says:

    Mark's "OH" scream sounds so genuine
    Like that's the oh of someone who is caught completely off gaurd.

  79. Jjboy Klishnicov says:

    Shout out to the company who made the golf ball.

  80. Dennis 2 says:

    That was truly assume. Who got to pick up all the little pieces? 🙂

  81. johnrem says:

    Officer: Do you have any idea how fast you’re going?
    Me: Stupid miles an hour?

  82. Zeitlos Offiziell says:

    Pliz tell me u didn't smash the 1962 ball…

  83. t.dav_3 says:

    they should do this but fire the golf ball and time up the golf club so its like its pitching the golf ball to the club and see how far it goes

  84. Vandi Pradiktya says:

    i would suggest to increase your personal safety guys, that stupid miles per hous ball cold have bounce to you

  85. Julie Enslow says:

    Mark Rober sent me. Well sorta. Saw your collaboration, had to sub.

  86. boltonky says:

    Someones been watching mythbusters supersonic ping pong, science boggles the mind but you should of been able to get more speed from your setup

  87. Gimbo Bimbo says:

    11:11 payback bi$#

  88. Ryan Rosati says:

    You should do obleck it would be cool

  89. 18 holes of GOOF says:

    Anyone else kinda feel like that old ball was important for some reason or someone??

  90. Davin Williams says:

    Next shoot it at the rocket club while it's spinning

  91. Mark Yacchari says:

    Ok. But now how many impacts like that can one golf ball take? Was a new ball used each test? Did you use the same ball till it couldn’t be used anymore?

  92. Michael Johnson says:

    I'm from the Hague, Netherlands
    What you did to that melon, WELL IT'S A WARCRIME TO SPLATTER MELON LIKE THAT!!! 😎

  93. Evan Ostermeier says:

    Should have fired it into a pork butt

  94. Zoba says:

    Now that’s a lot of damage

  95. Flynn McGurrin says:

    1:00 contact is horrible

  96. Error 101 says:

    I need blue prints

  97. Peter Larson says:

    That club is a 3 wood

  98. NotSoSoviet says:

    7:28 there is a spark when the ball impacts the anvil

  99. 5CU11Y87202 says:

    Mark’s reaction at 13:08 KILLED ME😂😂😂😂😂

  100. Thomas Forster says:

    Free Titleist advertisement.

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